"Certainly a very important investment that will start this year will be the GSM-R digital communications system for the rail network. It will directly affect the level of railway infrastructure safety," Minister Bittel said Thursday during the opening debate of the 6th Congress of Polish Infrastructure.
"Equally important investments are the Via Carpathia road and the Central Communication Port (CPK). The latter will change the infrastructure of our country, there is no doubt about it," said the minister.
In late March, Polish State Rail signed a contract worth over PLN 2 billion (EUR 470 million) for the construction of the GSM-R system. It will be installed along 13,600 km of railway lines in Poland. The system enables voice transmission, necessary to conduct traffic and data transmission for the needs of, among others, the European Train Control System ETCS level 2.
The Central Transportation Port CPK is to be built about 45 kilometres south of Warsaw, along the east-west A2 motorway and fairly close to the central city of Łódź. A major railway line linking Warsaw and Łódź is also located nearby. The port is to be built over the next eight years, with work continuing until the end of 2027. At 3,000 hectares, the new port will be much larger than Chopin Airport (635 hectares), making the CPK one of Europe's biggest air hubs. Besides international air links, it will also offer high-speed rail connections.
When launched, the hub is to handle up to 45 million passengers a year, and after expansion up to 100 million. Together with the accompanying road and rail infrastructure, the facility is to cost PLN 30 bln to PLN 35 bln (EUR 7.08 bln to EUR 8.25 bln).
Meanwhile, the Via Carpathia road route, to run along Poland's eastern border, is to connect seven countries on the Baltic and Aegean Seas. It is to run from Klaipeda and Kaunas in Lithuania via Bialystok, Lublin and Rzeszow in Poland, Kosice in Slovakia, Debrecen in Hungary, and further on to Romania, Bulgaria and Greece. According to the plan, it is to reach such destinations as the Romanian port of Constanta on the Black Sea and Thessaloniki in Greece on the Aegean Sea. (PAP)